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Full text of "The biennial report of the North Carolina Historical Commission [serial]"

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PUBLICATIONS 

OF THE 

NORTH CAROLINA HISTORICAL COMMISSION 

BULLETIN No. 33 



ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 

OF THE 

NORTH CAROLINA 
HISTORICAL COMMISSION 



1924-1926 



ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 



OF THE 



North Carolina Historical Commission 



December 1, 1924, to 
November 30, 1926 



RALEIGH 

Edwards & Broughton Company 

State Printers 

1927 



NORTH CAROLINA HISTORICAL COMMISSION 



Thomas M. Pittman, Chairman, Henderson 
M. C. S. Noble, Chapel Hill 
Heriot Clarkson, Raleigh 
W. N. Everett, Raleigh 
Ben Dixon MacNeill, Raleigh 



A. R. Newsome, Secretary, Raleigh 



LETTER OF TRANSMISSION 



To His Excellency, 

Angus W. McLean^ 

Governor of North Carolina. 

Sir: — I have the honor to submit herewith for your Excellency's 
consideration the Biennial Report of the North Carolina Historical 
Commission for December 1, 1924-November 30, 1926. 

Respectfully 

Thomas M. Pittman, 

Chairman. 
Rai-kigh, N. C, January, 1927. 



BIENNIAL REPORT 



OF THE 



Secretary of the North Carolina Historical Commission 

DECEMBER 1, 1924, TO NOVEMBER 30, 1926 



To Thomas M. Pittman, Chairman, M. C. S. Noble, Heriot Clabkson, 
W. ]Sr. Everett, and Ben Dixon MacISTeill, Commissioners. 

Gentlemen: — I have the honor to submit the following report of 
the work of the North Carolina Historical Commission for the hien- 
nium, December 1, 1924-lSrovember 30, 1926. 

ORGANIZATION 

I. The Historical Commission. 

Messrs. Thomas M. Pittman and M. C. S. Noble, whose terms as 
Commissioners expired March 31, 1925, were reappointed by the Gov- 
ernor for the term, April 1, 1925-March 31, 1931. 

At a meeting of the Historical Commission, May 20, 1925, the fol- 
lowing reelections were made: Chairman, Thomas M. Pittman; Vice 
Chairman, W. N. Everett; Executive Committee, Thomas M. Pittman, 
W. N. Everett, and M. C. S. Noble ; Secretary, R. B. House. 

Mr. Frank Wood, of Edenton, a member of the Historical Commis- 
sion since 1918, died on January 26, 1926. He was born in Edenton, 
January 7, 1858. Mr. Wood had been prominent in the banking, fish- 
eries, and cotton mill business of his native city. During the World 
War he was Chairman of the Chowan County Council of Defense and 
of the War Savings Committee; and at the time of his death he was a 
trustee of the North Carolina College of Agriculture and Engineering 
and of St. Mary's School. Mr. Wood had an active interest in the 
general work of the Commission and was responsible to a great degree 
for securing the valuable collection of Chowan County records and 
other manuscript material. 

To the vacancy created by the death of Mr. Frank Wood, the Gov- 
ernor, on January 28, 192G, appointed Mr. Ben Dixon MacNeill, whose 
term will expire March 31, 1929. 

On April 23, 1926, Mr. R. B. House, who had been connected with 
the Commission from 1919 to 1924, first as Collector of War Records 
and later as Archivist, and as Secretary since 1924, resigned his office 



6 Eleventh Biennial Report 

to become Executive Secretary of the University of North Carolina. 
On April 29 the Commission elected as his successor A. R. Newsome, 
who began his duties as Secretary on July 1, 1926. 

II, Office Force. 

The regular staff of the office of the Historical Commission for the 
period covered by this report follows. It will be noted that in some 
cases the titles of positions have been changed to conform with the clas- 
sifications of the Salary and "Wage Commission. 

Secretary— R. B. House (December 1, 1924-Jiine 30, 1926); A. R. New- 
some (July 1, 1926 -). 

Legislative Reference Librarian — H. M. London. 

Chief Library Assistant — D. L. Corbitt. 

Collector, Hall of History— Fred A. Olds. 

Restorer of Manuscripts — Mrs. J. M. Winfree. 

Senior Stenographer Clerk — Miss Sophie D. Busbee. 

Senior Library Assistant — Mrs. W. S. West. 

Legislative Reference Assistant — Mrs. W. J. Peele. 

Copyist — Mrs. Marie Baumgardner (December 1, 1924-April 11, 1925); 
Mrs. Julia C. Meconnahey (April 1, 1925-September 30, 1925). 

Junior Typist — Mrs. Julia C. Meconnahey (October 1, 1925- June 30, 
1926). 

Manuscript Copyist — Mrs. Julia C. Meconnahey (July 1, 1926 ). 

Janitor-Messenger — William Birdsall. 

Editorial Board, The North Carolina Historical Review — R. D. W. 
Connor, W. C. Jackson, C. L. Coon. 

Editorial Fellow at University of North Carolina — Walker Barnett 
(1924-1925), J. M. Saunders (1925-1926). 

The following were employed for temporary special service: 

Assistant Legislative Reference Librarian — R. Roy Carter (January- 
February, 1925); Cresap Journey (January-February, 1925). 

Compiler of the North Carolina Manual, 1925 — Miss Gertrude Gunter 
(December, 1924-January, 1925). 

Copyist — Miss Vera K. Carney (one week in January, 1925); Miss 
Augusta Bristol (one week in January, 1925) ; Mrs. Julia C. Me- 
connahey (February-March, 1925). 

Pile Clerk— Mrs. Belle Hay Stronach (May* 18-31, 1925). 

Janitor-Messenger — Sam Haywood (January 5-March 31, 1925; Janu- 
ary 10-23, 1926; August 9-28, 1926). Robert Debnam (August 3-15, 
1925). Jesse Adams (June 1-13, 1925; December 28, 1925-January 2, 
1926). 

ACCESSIONS 

I. Additions to Former Collections. 

1. Private Collections: 

Richard Caswell Papers. 1 piece, received by purchase. 

Wood John Hamlin Papers. 14 pieces, received by purchase. 

T. D. Hogg Papers. 3 pieces and 5 boxes of miscellaneous Civil War 

material, received from Miss Sally Dortch, Raleigh. 
Polk Papers. 1 piece. 
Theodore Roosevelt Papers. 1 piece. 



N. C. Historical Commission 



Calvin H. Wiley Papers. 1,039 pieces, received from Miss Mary C. 
Wiley, Winston-Salem. 

Winslow Papers. 8 boxes, received from Randolph Winslow, Bal- 
timore, Md. 



County Records: 
Anson 
Ashe 

Bladen 
Buncombe 
Bute 
Carteret 

Caswell 



Chatham 

Chowan 

Cumberland 



Franklin 

Granville 

Guilford 

Halifax 

Johnston 

Lincoln 

Mecklenburg 

Montgomery 

Moore 

New Hanover 

Northampton 

Onslow 



Land Entries, 1778-95. 1 vol. 

Deed Books, 1799-1804; 1805-06; 1805-08; 1810-14; 

1814-19; 1840-45. 6 vols. 
Land Entries, 1778-84. 1 vol. 
1 deed. 
3 pieces. 
Deed Books, 1722-58; 1783-86; 1785-92; 1796-1802; 

1802-16. 5 vols. 
Common School Reports. 5 boxes. 
Common School Registers, 1859. 1 vol. 
Tax Lists. 5 boxes. 
Tax Lists, 1867. 1 vol. 
Deeds. 10 boxes. 
Road Dockets, 1801-03; 1823-29; 1845-47; 1850; 1851; 

1852; 1854-56; 1861-67. 8 vols. 
Trial Docket, 1851-68. 1 vol. 
Execution Docket, 1849-67. 1 vol. 
County Court Minutes, 1777-80. 1 vol. 
Court Records, 1809-22; 1822-45. 2 vols. 
Bond Docket, 1788-1805. 1 vol. 
Orphans' Accounts, 1819-29. 1 vol. 
5 Wills. 

9 Marriage Bonds. 
Miscellaneous papers. 1 box. 
Land Entries, 1778-95; 1792-98. 2 vols. 
Land Entries, 1778-95. 1 vol. 
1 piece. 

Wills and Inventories of Estates, 1751-1810. 216 
pieces. 

16 Court Papers. 

17 Lists of Taxables, 1817. 
1 Indenture. 

Land Entries, 1778-95; 1799. 2 vols. 

150 Wills. 

570 Inventories and Sales of Estates. 

12 miscellaneous records. 

Land Entries, 1778-96. 1 vol. 

Land Entries, 1779-95. 1 vol. 

3 Deeds. 

Land Entries, 1777-95. 1 vol. 

Land Entries, 1778-80; 1778-95.- 2 vols. 

Land Entries, 1783-95. 1 vol. 

Land Entries, 1772. 1 vol. 

Land Entries, 1779-95. 1 vol. 

Land Entries, 1784-95. 1 vol. 

Land Entries, 1819-20. 1 vol. 

Land Entries, 1778-94. 1 vol. 

List of Taxables, 1823; 1824; 1828. 3 vols. 

Trial and Crown Docket, 1765-74. 1 vol. 



Eleventh Biennial Kepcrt 



Orange Land Entries, 1778; 1779-95. 2 vols. 

Pasquotank Land Entries, 1778-95. 1 vol. 

Person Wilis, Inventories, Sales of Estates, and Taxables 

1792-97; 1797-lSOl; 1801-04; 1805-07; 1807-11 
1811-15; 1815-17; 1817-20; 1820-23; 1823-27 
1827-30; 1831-35; 1835-37; 1838-41; 1841-44; 1852-57 
1857-67. 17 vols. 
County Court Minutes, 1859-68. 1 vol. 
42 Wills. 
Pitt Land Entries, 1778-79; 1795-97. 2 vols. 

Randolph 5 Marriage Bonds, presented by Mrs. J. S. Welborn 

High Point. 
Land Entries, 1783-95. 1 vol. 
Richmond Land Entries, 1780-95. 1 vol. 

Rowan Land Entries, 1778; 1778-95 

Stokes Land Entries, 1790-95. 1 vol. 

Surry Land Entries, 1778-84; 1783-95. 

Wake Land Entries, 1778; 1778-94. 2 

Wayne Land Entries, 1780-95. 1 vol. 

Wilkes Land Entries, 1778-81; 1783-95. 

Yadkin Miscellaneous Papers. 1 box. 

Miscellaneous 3 Wills (copies). 

Land Grants, 1764; 1769-72; 1785-88; 1792-98; 1819- 

37; 1838. 6 vols. 
Docket of Suspended Grants. 1 vol. 
Land Surveys, lists of patents, etc., 28 pieces. 
List of Justices, 1813-23. 1 vol. 



2 vols. 

2 vols, 
vols. 

2 vols. 



3. Executive Records: 

a. Executive Papers: 

William Tryon, 1765-71. 1 piece (copy). 
Richard Caswell, 1776-80, 1785-87. 4 pieces, loaned by G. W. Paschal, 

Wake Forest 
Abner Nash, 1780-81. 1 piece (copy). 
Alexander Martin, 1782-85, 1789-92. 1 piece. 
Thomas M. Holt, 1891-93. 1 piece, presented by Miss Jessica 

Randolph Smith, Washington, D. C. 
W. W. Kitchin, 1909-13. 60 pieces. 
Locke Craig, 1913-17. 20 pieces. 

b. Pardon Records, received from the Governor's Office: 

List of Pardons, Gov. Holden, 1868-70, and T. R. Caldwell, 1870-72. 

1 vol. 
Applications for Pardon, Gov. Holden, 1869-70. 1 vol. 
Pardons, Z. B. Vance, 1877-79. 1 vol. 
Pardons, Gov. Jarvis, 1879-83. 1 vol. 

Pardons, Gov, Jarvis, 1883-85, and Gov. Scales, 1885-88. 1 vol. 
Pardons, Reprieves, and Commutations, 1888-93. 1 vol. 
Pardons, Reprieves, and Commutations, Gov. Russell, 1897-99. 1 vol. 
Pardons, Executive Department, D. L. Russell, 1899-1901, and Gov. 

Aycock, 1901-02. 1 vol. 
Pardons, Executive Department, 1902-06. 1 vol. 
Endorsements upon Applications of Pardons Granted, 1877-1901. 

1 vol. 
Commutations, 1900-10. 1 vol. 
Reasons for Pardons, Executive Department, Dec. 9, 1912-Jan. 16, 

1917, W. W. Kitchin and Locke Craig. 1 vol. 



N. C. Historical Commission 9 

c. Warrant Books, received from the Governor's Office: 

E. B. Dudley, 1837-40. 1 vol. 
J. M. Morehead, 1841-44. 1 vol. 
Thomas Bragg, 1855-57. 1 vol. 
Jonathan Worth, 1867-68. 1 vol. 

d. Miscellaneous, received from the Governor's Office: 
Proceedings of the Board of Public Officers, 1841-93. 1 vol. 
Record Book, 1851-1912, Internal Improvements. 1 vol. 

Record Book, Executive Office, Provisional Government of North 

Carolina, 1865. 1 vol. 
Register, Appointments of Justice of the Peace, 1868-70. 1 vol. 
Applications for Office, Gov. Holden, 1869. 1 vol. 
Requisitions, 1883-93. 1 vol. 

Warrants for Execution of Criminals, 1888-1902. 1 vol. 
Rewards, 1890-94. 1 vol. 
Commission Book, D. L. Russell, 1897-1901. 1 vol. 

4. Legislative Papers: 

Seventeen pieces of Legislative papers relating to various years 
since 1759 were received. Of these, one is the Report of Legis- 
lative Committee of the John Haywood Investigation, 1820, pre- 
sented by H. M. London, Raleigh. 

5. Isfewspajiers: 

No7't?i Carolina Gazette. James Davis, Newborn. Photostats of the 
following issue were received from the Massachusetts Historical 
Society: 

1751 No. — November 15. 

1752 No. — [January or February] ? 
1752 No. 32 March 13. 

Ifortli Carolina Gazette, F. X. Martin, Newbern. A photostat of the 
following issue was received from the Massachusetts Historical 
Society: 

1793 No. — August 31. 

State Gazette of North Carolina, Hodge & Wills, Edenton. A photo- 
stat of the following issue was received from the Massachusetts 
Historical Society: 

1792 No. 337 June 29. 

London Chronicle. Ten numbers, containing material dealing with 
North Carolina, were received from A. B. Andrews, of Raleigh: 
1766 No. 1443 March 20. 
1766 No. 1449 April 3. 

1766 No. 1463 May 6. 

1767 No. 1645 July 4. 
1767 No. 1656 July 30. 
1767 No. 1694 October 27. 
1785 No. 4481 August 9. 
1785 No. 4487 August 23. 
1785 No. 4493 September 6. 
1785 No. 4543 December 31. 

North Carolina Standard, Raleigh. 

1835 No. 29 December 15. 

North Carolina Argus, Wadesboro. 

1862 No. 192 August 7. 



10 Eleventh Biennial Report 

6. Maps : 

The following maps, 245 in number, have been added to the Map 
Collection of the Historical Commission during the biennium. Ex- 
cept where stated otherwise, they were received from the office of 
the Secretary of State. 

Botuidaries 

South Carolina and North Carolina Boundary Line. Original survey 
from the seacoast to the 35th degree of North latitude. No date. 

Plan of the Province Line from the Cherokee line to Salisbury Road, 
between North and South Carolina, 1772. Facsimile copy on linen 
by Thos. C. Harris, 1S86. 

A plan of the temporary Boundary Line between the Provinces of 
North Carolina and South Carolina, run agreeable to instructions 
from the Governors of North Carolina and South Carolina, by Ja. 
Moore, Geo. Pawley, Saml. Wyley, Arthur MacKay, Surveyors, 
1764. 

North Carolina and South Carolina boundary line from Charleston 
Road to Twelve Mile Creek, surveyed by Commissioners of North 
Carolina and South Carolina, 1813. Original and a linen tracing. 

Boundary line of North Carolina and South Carolina Surveys of 
1764, 1772, and 1813. A copy. 

Boundary line between the State of Tennessee and the State of North 
Carolina, as run by McDowell, Vance, and Matthews, 1799. A copy, 
1914. 

Tennessee-North Carolina Boundary Line, by J. M. Gudger, Com- 
missioner for North Carolina. J. R. Neill, Surveyor, 1885-87. 

Map of the North Carolina and Virginia boundary from the Atlantic 
Ocean to the Nottaway River, from a survey reestablishing the 
boundary line of 1728, by the Boundary Commission of North 
Carolina and Virginia, 1886-87. 

CheroTcee Lands 

Cherokee Lands, by Robert Love, 1820. Large map showing districts. 
Original. 

Cherokee Lands, reduction by T. C. Harris, 1881, from Love's Map of 
1820. 

Cherokee Lands, blue prints of Love's Map of 1820. 2 copies. 

Cherokee Lands, reduction of U. S. Department of Agriculture, 1915, 

from Love's Map of 1820. 2 copies. 
Part of a "Map of Cherokee Country" in North Carolina, reduction 

by T. C. Harris, 1881, from R. Deaver's Map of 1837. 

Cities 

A plan of the city of New Bern, as laid by Jonathan Price, 1810, 
and extended by Legislative Enactment of 1858-59. By William 
H. Marshall, 1875. 

Map of Raleigh, by A. W. Shaffer, 1881. 

Raleigh, plan, etc., of Oakwood Cemetery. Linen tracing. 

Town of Salem. Linen tracing. 

Plan for ascertaining and extending the Corporate Limits of the 
Town of Warrenton, N. C, by C. H. Scott, 1895. Linen tracing. 

Railroad Map showing Waynesville, etc. 2 blue prints. 



N. C. Historical Commission • 11 

Plan of the Town of Wilmington, copied by Wm. Woodrow in 1906 

from original in British Museum by C. J. Sauthier, 1769. Blue 

print. 
Plan of Town of Wilmington, authorized by General Assembly of 

1855. By L. C. Turner, 1856. 
Map of Wilmington, authorized by the Legislature of 1870. By 

James and Brown, 1870. 

Counties 

Alamance County, by J. Stafford, 1879. Reduction by T. C. Harris. 
Anson County, prepared from Carpenter's Survey and other sources, 

by William H. James, C. E., 1878. Linen. 
Bertie County, not from actual survey, by Vol. Cherry, Jr., 1877. 

Original drawing. 
Bladen County. An original pencil drawing, showing rivers, creeks, 

lakes, township lines, etc. 
Map of Cabarrus County, by T. C. Harris. 
Caldwell County. Original drawing. 
Map of Caldwell County, by J. C. Harper, 1878. 
Caswell County, by T. L. Venable, 1868. Shows school districts. 
Map of Chatham County, by Capt. N. A. Ramsey, 1870. 
Plan showing the Townships and their boundaries in Chowan County, 

(not from actual survey). Prepared and drawn by G. J. Cherry, 

1868. Original drawing. 
Cleveland County. Rough pen sketch showing townships. 
Map of Columbus County, by A. Kirkland, 1882. 2 copies. 
Craven County, by H. T. Guion and W. P. Marshall, Commissioners. 
Map' of Cumberland County, representing the townships of said 

county, made by order of the Commissioners. By D. C. McDufRe. 
Franklin County, linen tracing by W. N. Fuller, 1869, from survey 

by Jos. Bridgers, 1840. 
Gates County. Original drawing, showing churches. 
Granville County. Original drawing by T. P. J. Harris, County 

Surveyor, 1868. Shows school districts. 
A map of Halifax County, made in pursuance of an order of the 

Board of Commissioners of said county by A. L. Pierce, 1868. 

Shows townships, the boundaries of which are described in an ac- 
companying document. 
Haywood County, by J. L. Smith, C. S., 1845. Two original drawings. 
A map of Fourth Creek Congregation (Iredell County), by William 

Sharpe, 1773. 
Map of Fourth Creek Congregation, by William Sharpe, 1773. Re- 
duction by T. C. Harris. 
Jackson County, compiled from original survey and U. S. G. S. data, 

by Thomas A. Cox, 1924. Presented by Miss M. E. Cox, Raleigh. 
Jones County. Original drawing by Thomas Linsay, County Surveyor. 
Jones County, reduction by T. C. Harris from original by Jos. 

Kinsey, Surveyor. 
Map of Lenoir County, by Wm. Arthur. 
Montgomery County, reduction by T. C. Harris. 
Map' of New Hanover County, prepared by James and Brown, 1869, 

by order of the Board of Commissioners. Badly torn. 



12 # Eleventh Biennial Report 

A map of Northampton County. Original drawing. Shows district 

lines and county roads. 
Map of the northern portion of New Hanover, now known as Pender 

County, by James and Brown, C. E., 1869. Reduction by T. C. 

Harris. 

Map of Randolph County, by J. W. Bean. 

Map of Robeson County, made from actual survey by John McDuffie, 
C. E., 1884. Torn. 

Map of Robeson County, made from actual surveys by John McDuflae, 
C. E. Blue print, badly torn. 

Map of Rutherford County. Original drawing by C. W. Watkins, 

County Surveyor. 
Transylvania County. Original drawing. 

Warren County, by R. D. Paschall, Surveyor, 1874. Reduction by 

T. C. Harris. 
Wayne County, by Tucke, 1881. 

Wilkes County, original (badly torn) and a reduction. 
Map of Wilson County, by E. P. Tucker, Surveyor, 1879. Reduction 

by T. C. Harris. 

Mountaivs 
Triangulations, pencil. 

Preliminary sketch of the Mountains of Western North Carolina, 

by Wm. Cain, 1879. 
Mountains, giving names. 4 maps. 
[Survey of the mountains along the Tennessee border from White 

Top Mountain to the high pinnacle of the Smoky Mountains.] 

Blue print. 

Roads 

Map of the surveys for the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad, 
by Walter Gwynn, 1853. 

Map of the surveys for the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad. 
Reduction by W. C, 1874, from original by Walter Gwynn, 1853. 

Right of Way and Track Map, Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad, 
operated by the Norfolk Southern Railroad. June 30, 1914. Office 
of Chief Engineer, Norfolk, Va. In a series of 48 blue print sheets. 
Deposited by A. D. O'Bryan, President Atlantic and North Caro- 
lina Railroad, by order of Board of Directors. 

Profile, Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad, June 30, 1914. Office 
of Chief Engineer, Norfolk, Va. In a series of 25 blue print sheets. 
Deposited by A. D. O'Bryan. 

Map of surveys for the Atlantic, Tennessee & Ohio Railroad, by 
H. F. Cardwell, Chief Engineer. Badly torn. 

Plan of the Buncombe Turnpike Road from Asheville to the Painted 
Rock at the Tennessee Line, surveyed by order of Board of In- 
ternal Improvement. By R. H. B. Brazier, 1826. 

Carolina Central Railway, reduction by W. C, 1880, from a map 
by J. W. Fry, 1875. 

Survey C. C. Railroad from Hickory to Lincolnton, 1880. 

Map shewing the Routes of the Central and Cape Fear and Yadkin 
River Railroads, compiled from the surveys and from McRae's 
New Map of North Carolina. Drawn by W. Schlatter, 1832. 

Sketch of Experimental Surveys for extension of C. F. and Y. V. 
Railroad from Greensboro to Mt. Airy, 1880. A reduction. 



ISr. C. Historical Commission 13 

Map showing proposed location of Cheraw and Coal Fields Railroad, 

surveyed by G. W. E., 1860. Reduction by T. C. Harris. 
Plan of 1st Division Danville, Mocksville, and Southwestern Rail- 
road, by H. W. Goodrich, Chief Engineer. Linen. 
Plan of the Road from Salem to Fayetteville, surveyed by H. Fulton, 

1823. Drawn by R. H. B. Brazier. 
Greensboro and Cheraw Railroad. Pencil sketch. 
Jamesville and Washington Railroad. 
North Carolina Railroad, a survey. 
North Carolina Railroad. Linen tracing. 
North Carolina and Western Railroad Survey, Eastern Division, 

Swannanoa Route, by James C. Turner under the direction of 

Walter Gwynn. In 9 sections. 
North Carolina and Western Railroad Survey, Piedmont Division, 
Swannanoa Route, by James C. Turner under the direction of 

Walter Gwynn. In 5 sections. 
Rabun Gap Railway. Badly torn. 
Map of a proposed railroad from Raleigh by Fayetteville to Cheraw. 

Reduction by W. C, 1874, from original by T. L. O'Sullivan, 1848. 
Raleigh and Gaston Railroad, by W. C. Kerr and W. C, 1874. 
Map of R. & A. A. L. Railroad from Raleigh to Sanford and proposed 

extensions beyond to the C. C. Railroad. From actual survey, 

by W. C, May, 1874. 
Railroad Map. No name. In a series of 6 sheets. 
Railroad Maps. No names. 2 maps. 

Railroad Map, through mountains and along river. No name. 
Map of road from Salem to Stone Mountain. By W. C, 1874, from 

Brazier's Maps of 1820 and 1823. 
Plan of the Stage Road from Fayetteville by Raleigh, Louisburg, 

Warrenton, and Robinson's Ferry to the Virginia Line, surveyed 

by H. Fulton, State Engineer, 1822. 

Western North Carolina Railroad, experimental survey, in a series 
of 3 sheets. 

Map of the surveys and location of the 2d Section of the Western 

North Carolina Railroad, made' under the direction of James C. 

Turner, Chief Engineer, by R. C. McCalla. In a series of 2 sheets. 
Map of the Surveys for the Western Turnpike from Salisbury to 

the Blue Ridge made under the direction of S. Moylan Fo.x, 

1849. 

Map of the Surveys for the Western Turnpike from the Blue Ridge 
to the Georgia Line, made under the direction of S. Moylan Fox, 
1850. 

Map of Williamston and Tarboro Railroad, showing preliminary 
lines and location. By Wm. G. Lewis, 1868. 

States 

Official Map of the Territory of Montana, by W. P. Snow, 1886. 

Geological Map of the State of New York, published by Legislative 
Authority, 1842. 

Chart of his Magesties Province of North Carolina, with a full 
and exact description of the Seacoast, Latitudes, Capes, remarkable 
Inlets, Bars, Channels, Rivers, Creeks, Shoals, depths of Water, 



14 Eleventh Biennial Repobt 

Ebbing and Flowing of the Tides, the generally Winds, setting 
of the Currents, Counties, Precincts, Towns, Plantations and 
leading Marks, with directions for all the navigable inlets. By 
James Wimble, 1738. Also a blue print of this Chart. 

A New and Accurate Map of North Carolina in North America, 
[1779?]. Received from A. B. Andrews, Raleigh. 

Map of North Carolina in 1783, showing counties, towns, and 
principal Roads, drawn by E. W. Myers. Also a linen tracing of 
this map. 

North Carolina, [1824?]. Received by purchase. 

A New Map of the State of North Carolina, by R. H. B. Brazier. 
Published under patronage of the Legislature by John MacRae, 
1833. 

Cooke's New Map of the State of North Carolina, constructed from 
actual surveys, private contributions, and authentic public docu- 
ments procured for the purpose, under a special resolution of the 
General Assembly, 1857. 

Pearce's New Map of the State of North Carolina, piiblished by 
H. H. Lloyd & Co., 1871. 

A School Map of North Carolina, by Collier Cobb, 1880. 

Map of North Carolina, by W. C. Kerr, State Geologist, assisted 
by Capt. Wm. Cain, C. E., published under the authority of the 
State Board of Agriculture, 1882. 5 copies. 

Preliminary Post Route Map of the States of North Carolina and 
South Carolnia, with adjacent parts of Georgia, Tennessee, Ken- 
tucky, West Virginia, and Virginia. By order of the Postmaster 
General, 1879. 

Post Route Map of the States of North Carolina and South Carolina, 
with adjacent parts of Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, West Vir- 
ginia, and Virginia. By order of the Postmaster General, 1884. 

Geological Map of North Carolina, by W. C. Kerr, State Geologist. 
Revised from the records of the survey by J. A. Holmes, 1887. 
The base is Kerr's Map of North Carolina, 1882. 

North Carolina and South Carolina, Post Route Map, by U. S. 
Government, 1901. 

Railroad Map of North Carolina, 1913. Published by Rand, McNally 
& Co. 

Post Route Map of the State of Tennessee, with parts of adjacent 

states, designed and constructed under orders of the Postmaster 

General by W. J. Nicholson, 1877. 
Tennessee, prepared by J. B. Killebrew for Bureau of Agriculture, 

Mines, Statistics, and Immigration. Published by Rand, McNally 

& Co., 1879. 

Post Route Map of Virginia and West Virginia, together with Mary- 
land and Delaware, with adjacent parts of Pennsylvania, Ohio, 
Kentucky, Tennessee, and North Carolina, by order of Postmaster 
General, 1885. 

Post Route Map of Virginia and West Virginia, together with Mary- 
land and Delaware, with adjacent parts of Pennsylvania, Ohio, 
Kentucky, Tennessee, and North Carolina, by order of Postmaster 
General, 1892. 

Swamp Lands 

Map of the Albemarle Swamp Land Company's Land and that part 
of Land claimed by the State lying near Lake Pungo and Pungo 
River, by Washington W. Hayman, 1844. 



N. C. Historical Commission 15 

Section showing lands claimed by the State, north and east of Pungo 
River. Linen tracing by H. F. Price, 1896, from W. W. Hayman's 
Map of 1844. 

[Map of the region between Alligator Lake and Pungo Lake], by 
Walter Gwynn. Original. No date. 

Dismal Swamp. Badly torn. 

Plan of the Great Dismal Swamp or Lebanon Desert, lying in 
the counties of Gates, Perquimans, Pasquotank, Camden, and Cur- 
rituck in the State of North Carolina, surveyed by order of the 
Board of Internal Improvement, 1827. Drawn by R. H. B. 
Brazier, 1828. 

A Map of the Roads and Country between Edenton and Norfolk with 
the Dismal Swamp and Great Park Canals, etc., by Exum Newby. 

Narrows Island and surroundings. Part torn off. 

Plan of that part of Uhara Swamp lying between the Road leading 
from Jackson to Bryan's Cross Roads and Pottocasy Creek in 
the county of Northampton, surveyed by order of the Board of 
Internal Improvement, 1827. Drawn by R. H. B. Brazier, 1828. 

United States 

Map of the Territory of the United States west of the Mississippi 
River, by authority of the Secretary of War, 1879. 

Map of the United States and territories, showing the extent of 
Public Surveys, Indian and Military Reservations, Land Grant 
Railroads, Railroads, Canals, and other details, compiled from 
the official surveys of the General Land office and other authentic 
sources. By the U. S. Government, 1882. 

General Map of the United States, by Rand, McNally & Co., 1893. 
Library Map of the World, on the reverse. 

Twentieth Century Commercial and Library Map of the United 
States, by George Cram, 1907. Map of the World, on the reverse. 

United States, by Rand, McNally & Co., 1907. Library Map of the 
World, on the reverse. 

National Forests, by U. S. Department of Agriculture, 1908. In a 
series of 4 sheets. 

Waters 

Canals 

Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal connecting Chesapeake Bay with 
Currituck, Albemarle, and Pamlico Sounds and their tributary 
streams, by John Lathrop, 1857. 

Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal connecting Chesapeake Bay with 
Currituck, Albemarle, and Pamlico Sounds and their tributary 
streams, by Marshall Parks, 1855. Revision of 1877, two copies. 

Plan and Section of the Fayetteville Canal from the Cape Fear River 
to Strode's Creek, by Hamilton Fulton, 1819. 

Panama Canal, compiled from surveys made by the French and U. S. 
Government Engineers, 1906. 

Plan and Sections of a Line of Canal from the Tar River to the 
Toisnot Creek, and a survey of that Creek to its Junction with 
the Contentney. Surveyed under the direction of Hamilton Ful- 
ton, by R. H. B. Brazier, 1820. 

Proposed Canal between Washington, N. C, and the Roanoke, near 
Williamston. Reduction by W. C, 1874, from a survey by R. H. B. 



16 Eleventh Biennial Repokt 

Brazier in 1822. Map of Catawba River from Devil's Shoals to 
State Line, on the reverse. 

Rivers, Bays, Harbors, Sounds, Coasts 

Albemarle Sound, Western Part, from the Pasquotank River to 
the Roanoke and Chowan Rivers, by Survey of the Coast of the 
United States, 1860. Reprint of 1894. 

Albemarle Sound, Western Part, from the Pasquotank River to the 
Roanoke and Chowan rivers, by Survey of the Coast of the U. S., 
1860. Reprint of 1877 with corrections to 1902. 

Albemarle Sound, Eastern Part, from the Atlantic Ocean to the 
Pasquotank River, by Survey of the Coast of the U. S., 1860. Re- 
print of 1895 with corrections to 1902. 

Albemarle Sound, showing approximate location of seines and pound 
nets fished for shad in 1906. By U. S. Bureau of Fisheries. 

Angola Bay, Duplin and Pender counties, by W. G. Lewis. Drawn 
by R. G. Pittman, 1886. Shows land grants in the area. 

Map showing Topography and Boundaries of Angola Bay, situated 
in Pender and Duplin counties, as described in State Grant to 
James Carraway, December 1, 1794, and as located by the State 
Board of Education, by W. G. Lewis, 1884. Compiled and drawn 
by Eric Norden, 1911. Blue print. 

Beaufort Harbor, surveyed by order of the Honorable J. K. Pauld- 
ing, Secretary of Navy, by Lt. James Glynn, 1839. 

Beaufort Harbor, by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1876. Reprint 
with corrections to 1902. 

Bogue Inlet to Old Topsail Inlet, by U. S. Coast and Geodetic 
Survey, 1889. 

Bogue Inlet to Old Topsail Inlet, by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 

1889 with corrections to 1902. 
Transverse sections of the Cape Fear River between Buckhorn Falls 

and Campelton, by R. H. B. Brazier, 1821. 
Survey of the Cape Fear River from the Upper to the Lower Flats, 

by Hamilton Fulton. Drawn by R. H. B. Brazier, 1823. 
A Chart of the Entrance of Cape Fear River, surveyed by order The 

Hon. J. K. Paulding, Secretary of the Navy. By Lt. James Glynn, 

1839. In a series of four sheets. 
Cape Fear River, surveyed in conformity to an act of Congress, by 

Lt. James Glynn, 1839. In a series of four sheets. 
Cape Fear River from entrance to Reeve's Point, by U. S. Coast 

and Geodetic Survey, 1888. Reprint of 1900 with corrections to 

1902. 

Cape Fear River from Reeve's Point to Wilmington, by U. S. Coast 
and Geodetic Survey, 1856. Reprint of 1899 with corrections to 
1902. 

Cape Hatteras to Ocracoke Inlet, by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 

1885. Also a reprint of 1902. 
Longitudinal Section of the Catawba River from the Devil's Shoals 

to the mouth of Little Catawba River, by R. H. B. Brazier, 1824. 

Plan of the Catawba River from Devil's Shoals to near Sherrill's 
Ford, by R. H. B. Brazier, 1824, under direction of Hamilton Ful- 
ton, State Engineer. 

Map of Catawba River from the Devil's Shoals in Burke County to 
the State Line. Reduction by W. C, 1874, from Brazier's Survey 



N. C. Historical Commission 17 

of 1824. Map of proposed canal between Washington and the Roa- 
noke, on the reverse. 

From Cape Henry to Cape Lookout, by Survey of the Coast of the 
United States, 1867. Reprint of 1882. 

From Cape Henry to Currituck Beach, including the Albemarle and 
Chesapeake Canal, by the U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1878. 
Reprint of 1899 with corrections to 1902. 

Contentnea Creek, by Capt. Chas. B. Phillips, Corps of Engineers, 
U. S. A., 1881. Linen tracing. In a series of three sheets. 

Core Sound and Straits, by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1876. 
Reprint of 1899 with corrections to 1902. 

Core Sound to Bogue Inlet, including Cape Lookout, by U. S. Coast 
and Geodetic Survey, 1888. Also a reprint of 1900 with correc- 
tions to 1902. 

Plan and Sections of part of Crab Tree and Walnut Creeks, surveyed 
under the direction of Hamilton Fulton, Chief Engineer to the 
State, by R. H. B. Brazier, 1820. 

Plan of Croatan and Roanoke sounds, showing the proposed situa- 
tions of the Embankments and Inlets, by Hamilton Fulton, 1820. 

From Currituck Beach to Oregon Inlet, by U. S. Coast and Geodetic 
Survey, 1879 with corrections to 1902. Also a reprint of 1894. 

Delaware and Chesapeake Bays, and the Seacoast from Cape May 
to Cape Henry, by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1855. 

Little River Inlet and part of Long Bay, S. C, by U. S. Coast and 
Geodetic Survey, 1888, with corrections to 1902. 

Masonboro Inlet to Shallotte Inlet, including Cape Fear, by U. S. 
Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1888. Also a reprint of 1899 with 
corrections to 1902. 

Plan of the Neuse River from Stone's Mills to Turner's Perry, show- 
ing the proposed situation of the Locks and Dams, by R. H. B. 
Brazier, 1819 under direction of Hamilton Fulton, Engineer to the 
State. 

Longitudinal Section of the Neuse River from Stone's Mills to Major 
Turner's Ferry below Smithfield, by R. H. B. Brazier, 1819. 

Neuse River from near Raleigh to Turner's Ferry and portions of 
Crabtree and Walnut Creeks, reduction from Brazier's Map of 1819. 

Neuse River from the "Red Old Field" 15 miles above (torn) to 
Watson's Mill. Made in the Fall of 18 (torn), under the direction 
of W. B. Thompson, assisted by Clement Cox and (torn). 

Neuse River from Goldsboro to Smithfield, by Capt. Chas. B. Phillips, 
Corps of Engineers, U. S. A., November, 1878. Linen tracing. 

Neuse River, by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1874. Reprint of 
1894. 

Neuse and Pamlico Rivers, showing approximate location of seines 
and pound nets fished for shad in 1906. By U. S. Bureau of 
Fisheries. 

Port of New Bern, in U. S. Coast Survey, 1867. Reprint with cor- 
rections to 1902. 

New Bern Inlet, by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1888. Reprint 

of 1898 with corrections to 1902. 
North Landing River (head of Currituck Sound), Virginia and 

North Carolina, by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1861. Reprint 

of 1882 with corections to 1902. 



18 Eleventh Biennial Report 

Ocracoke Inlet to Beaufort, including Core Sound, by U. S. Coast 
and Geodetic Survey, 1890. Reprint of 1894. Also a reprint of 
1900 with corrections to 1902. 

Old Topsail Inlet to Cape Fear, by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 
1889. Also a reprint of 1900 with corrections to 1902. 

Prom Oregon Inlet to Cape Hatteras, by U. S. Coast and Geodetic 
Survey, 1880. Reprint of 1902. 

Pamlico River, by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1874 with cor- 
rections to 1902. Also a reprint of 1894 and a reprint of 1881 with 
corrections to 1907. 

Pamplico Sound, Middleton to Juniper Bay Point, showing area and 
jDositions of the natural and artificial oyster beds, the depth and 
specific gravity of the water, and the character of the bottom. 
By U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1887. Also a linen tracing. 

Pamplico Sound, Long Shoal Point to Middleton, showing area and 
positions of the natural and artificial oyster beds, the depth and 
specific gravity of the water, and the character of the bottom. 
By U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1887. Also a linen tracing. 

Pamplico Sound, Juniper Bay Point to Bell's Bay, showing area and 
positions of the natural and artificial oyster beds, the depth and 
specific gravity of the water, and the character of the bottom. 
By U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1887. Also a linen tracing. 

Pamplico Sound, Hatteras Inlet to First Hummock, showing area and 
positions of the natural and artificial oyster beds, the depth and 
specific gravity of the water, and the character of the bottom. 
By U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1887-88. Also a linen tracing. 

Pamplico Sound, vicinity of Hatteras Inlet, showing area and posi- 
tions of the natural and artificial oyster beds, the depth and 
specific gravity of the water, and the character of the bottom. 
By U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1887. Reprint of 1891. Also 
a linen tracing. 

Eastern Part of Pamlico Sound, showing area and positions of the 
natural and artificial oyster beds, the depth and specific gravity 
of the water, and the character of the bottom. By U. S. Coast 
and Geodetic Survey, 1887. Reprint of 1891. Also a linen tracing. 

Pamplico Sound, vicinity of Ocracoke Inlet, showing area and posi- 
tions of the natural and artificial oyster beds, the depth and speci- 
fic gravity of the water, and the character of the bottom. By U. S. 
Coast and Geodetic Survey, 18S7-SS. Also a linen tracing. 

North Part of Pamplico Sound, showing area and positions of the 
natural and artificial oyster beds, the depth and specific gravity 
of the water, and the character of the bottom. By U. S. Coast 
and Geodetic Survey, 1887. Reprint of 1892 and a linen tracing. 
Two copies of each. 

Northern Part of Pamplico Sound, showing area and positions of 
the natural and artificial oyster beds, the depth and specific gravity 
of the water, and the character of the bottom. By U. S. Coast 
and Geodetic Survey, 1887. Reprint of 1892 and a linen tracing. 

Pamplico Sound, showing approximate location of seines and pound 
nets fished for shad in 1906. By U. S. Bureau of Fisheries. 

Pamplico Sound, Eastern Sheet, by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Sur- 
vey, 1883. Also a reprint of 1899 with corrections to 1902. 

Pamplico Sound, Middle Sheet, by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 
1883. Reprint with corrections to 1902. 



N. C. Historical Commission 19 

Pasquotank River, by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1850. Re- 
print with corrections to 1902. 

Pasquotank and Little Rivers, by W. H. Weatherly and C. A. Nash, 
1868. 

Rivers, Creeks, etc., in North Carolina. Outlined in pencil. 

Mouths of Roanoke River, by R. E. Halter and J. S. Bradford, 1864. 
Reprint with corrections to 1902. 

Plan and Sections of the Roanoke and Pamlico Rivers, by Jo. Price. 
Also shows Pungo River. 

Plan of Rocky River from its mouth to Smith's Mill, together with 
a survey from the mouth of Mallard's Creek to the Big Bend of 
the Catawba River, by order of General Assembly. By John Conty. 

Official Map of the Board of Commissioners of Shell Fisheries in ac- 
cordance to Sec. 4, Chap. 119, Laws of 1SS7. In a series of 42 
linen sheets. 

Chart of Southern Coast from Tybee Bar to Hunting Island, May 
River, surveyed by Charles Wilkes, Lieutenant Commandant, 1838. 
In a series of four sheets. 

Plan of the Tar River from Louisburg to Little Falls, showing the 
proposed situation of the Locks and Dams, by R. H. B. Brazier in 
1821 under direction of Hamilton Fulton, State Engineer. 

Transverse Sections of the Tar River between Louisburg and the 
Great Falls, 1821. 

Tar River from Tarboro to Washington, by W. G. Williamson, U. S. E. 

Corps, 1878. Reduction by T. C. Harris. Shows county roads. 
Trent River from New Bern to Trenton, by Capt. Chas. B. Phillips, 

Corps of Engineers, U. S. A., 1878. Linen tracing. 
Plans and Sections of the Uwharee and Deep Rivers, by Jn. Price. 
Watauga River. Badly torn. 

Yadkin River, by J. C. Harper, 1880. In a series of four sheets. 
Yadkin River from Wilkesboro to crossing of W. N. C. Railroad near 

Linwood, by U. S. Engineers, 1879. 

Miscellaneous 

[Map showing parts of North America, South America, Africa and 

Europe, 1695?]. Presented by C. E'. P. Gibbs, Englehard. 
A map of the British Empire in America, from the Head of Hud- 
son's Bay to the Southern Bounds of Georgia, with the Interven- 
tion of Canada, 1754? Received from A. B. Andrews, Raleigh. 

State of North Carolina, Josiah Collins' Grant. Blueprint. 

Topographical and Railway Map of Europe, published by E. Lloyd. 
1876. 

Plan of the Environs in the Neck of Tanassee and Taleguo Rivers, 
about Fort Loudoun and little Tamothly, the Westernmost of the 
upper Cherokee Towns. Surveyed in 1755 by order of His Excel- 
lency James Glen, Esqr., Governor in Chief over His Majesty's 
Province of South Carolina, by William Gerard DeBrahm, Sur- 
veyor General. Photostat copy from W. G. DeBrahm's History 
of the Three Provinces, South Carolina, Georgia, and East Florida 
(MS). Presented by P. M. Hamer. 

Plan and Profiles of Fort Loudoun upon Tanassee River, projected 
and constructed by William Gerard DeBrahm. Photostat copy 
from W. G. DeBrahm's History of the Three Provinces, South Car- 
olina, Georgia, and East Florida (MS). Presented by P. M. Hamer. 



20 Eleventh Biennial Report 

7. English Records: 

The arrangement which the Historical Commission made in the bien- 
uium, 1922-24, with B. F. Stevens and Brown of London for the 
copying of papers in the British Archives relating to North Caro- 
lina was continued, at an approximate expense of $1,000 per year, 
until July 1, 1926, when a lack of funds compelled its temporary 
suspension. There are now in the archives of the Commission 
4491 pages of transcripts and 1133 pages of photostats of material 
relating to American Loyalists, and 94 pages of transcripts of 
Emigration Accounts, 1774-75. Nearly all of this material was 
received during the biennium, 1924-26. 

In September, 1926, the Secretary, by virtue of authority from the 
Governor, was able to authorize the resumption at a somewhat 
slower pace of the work of copying the British Records. 

8. Civil War Papers: 

Records of 112 North Carolinians in the C. S. Navy. Received from 
Capt. W. H. McElroy, Navy Department, U. C. V. 

Moore's Roster, 4 vols. Received by purchase. 

Quarter Master's Department Papers, four pieces. 

Roster of Company K, 71st N. C. Troops and Franklin Rifles. Re- 
ceived from J. J. Allen. 

Records of Silver Hill Mining Company, 16 pieces. Received from 
J. S. Kuykendall, Winston-Salem. 

Casualties in North Carolina Troops, two lists. Received from Mrs. 
Kate D. Crenshaw, Salisbury. 

Miscellaneous — 32 pamphlets dealing with the Civil War and the 
U. D. C, presented by Miss Jessica Randolph Smith, Washington,,'' 
D. C; two boxes miscellaneous material. 

9. World War Records: 

Walter Clark, Jr., Address on North Carolina in the World War. 
Sketch and photograph of A. W. Limer. Presented by J. W. Limer,^ 
Warrenton. 

Sketch of Naval service of Rear-Admiral Edwin A. Anderson. Pre- 
sented by Rear-Admiral Anderson. 

Letters from S. T. Ansell, P. C. Hutton, and Gen. E. F. Glenn. Pre- 
sented by Fred A. Olds. 

Letter from Adjutant-General Robert C. Davis concerning deserters. 

Records of 113th Field Artillery, 11 boxes; package of newspaper 
accounts of 113th Field Artillery. Presented by Gen. Albert L. 
Cox, Raleigh. 

Original reports of North Carolina Chapters of D. A. R. pertaining 
to World War Relief Work; Correspondence of the President Gen- 
eral and the Chairman of War Relief Service; and Report of the 
North Carolina D. A. R. War Relief Work. Presented by Mrs. 
Theodore S. Morrison, Asheville. 

National American Legion Auxiliary History, Vol. I; Roster Past 
Presidents Parley, one volume; Year Book, American Legion 
Auxiliary, Department of North Carolina, three copies; and Pro- 



N. C. Historical Commission 21 

ceedings of the Annual Conventions of 1921, 1922, and 1923. Pre- 
sented by Miss Annie Lee, Monroe. 

Individual War Record of A. Whitaker, A. J. Whitaker, Royal Dagne, 
and Paul Rockwell. 

War Book. Deposited by Charles Lee Smith, Raleigh. 

Mercer Book. Deposited by Charles Lee Smith, Raleigh. 

An Unanswered Prayer, a poem, by Mrs. H. M. Davis. 

An article concerning C. P. Gruchy. Presented by Mrs. Kenneth 
Finley. 

An article on the award of the Croix de Guerre to J. C. Duffy of 
Newbern. 

Major Edwin N. McClellan, History of the United States Marine 
Corps, Vol. I, Chaps. 3-19, 21-25. 

II. New Collections. 

1. Saviuel A'Court Ashe Papers, 774 pieces. Presented by Capt. S. A. 

Ashe. 

2. Samuel P. Collie?- Letters, nine pieces. Received from S. P. Collier, 

Winston-Salem. 

3. Fred A. Olds Papers, 22 pieces. Received from Fred A. Olds. 

4. Archdale Papers. Original papers relating to ye Province of Carolina 

principally whilst John Archdale, Esq., was Governor and Com- 
mander in Chief of ye Province, an. d. 1694, 1695, &c. with a Draught 
of ye Towne, Mapps of ye Forts, Rivers, Coasts, etc. 117 pages of 
photostats, purchased from the Library of Congress. 

5. Miller v. Risco Papers, 65 pages of transcripts of 23 original papers 

in the Suffolk County, Massachusetts, Court House, in an action 
of Thomas Miller of Rhode Island against Robert Risco, master and 
part owner of the brigantine "Good Hope" of Albemarle in the 
Province of Carolina, for breach of covenant, 1673. Received by 
purchase. 

6. Tavern Account. Account book of a Caswell County Tavern for the 

years 1819 to 1821. 

7. Pleasant Hill Temperance Society, Volume I, 1833-85, loaned by the 

members of the Pleasant Hill Temperance Society, near Snow Camp, 
Alamance County. This volume contains the Constitution and By- 
Laws, the list of members, and the minutes of the meetings of the 
Society from its organization in 1833 until 1885. 

8. deRoulhac Collection, received from F. H. Sweet of Cleveland, Ohio, 

consists of six pieces — an Account Book of deRouhlac & Co.; one 
letter dated New Bern, 1779; three letters, Edenton, 1779; and one 
letter, Edenton, 1780. 

9. Genealogical Records: 

The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 1900-1926, 

131 numbers. 
Extracts from United States Census of Enumerations for N. C. in 

1850. Presented by E. B. Baldwin, Washington, D. C. 
Tlie Family Record of Col. Marshall J. Smith. Presented by Dr. 

G. H. Tichenor. 
Genealogy of the Eustace Family (a letter). Presented by Miss 

Carrie Broughton, Raleigh. 



22 Eleventh Biennial Report 

Chart showing descendants of Theophilus Hunter. Presented by 

E. H. Baker, Raleigh. 
Genealogy of the Beeson Family. Presented by Mrs. E. L. Whitehead, 

Raleigh. 
Genealogy of the Rives Family. Presented by Mrs. B. F. Briggs, 

Mayfleld, Ky. 
Genealogy of the Bradshaw Family. Presented by W. J. Bradshaw. 

10. Spanish Records: 

On April 18, 1924, the Historical Commission authorized that an 
arrangement be made with Dr. W. W. Pierson, of the history de- 
partment of the State University, who was planning to spend 
part of the following school year in Europe, whereby he should 
examine the public documents in Madrid and determine whether 
there was any material pertaining to North Carolina which ought 
to be in the records of the Historical Commission. As agent of 
the Historical Commission, Dr. Pierson found important North 
Carolina material in the National Historical Archives at Madrid 
and secured the services of Manual Diaz as copyist. A larger col- 
lection was discovered in the General Archives of the Indies in 
Seville, and Miss Irene A. Wright was employed to photostat the 
pertinent material. Further material was found in the archives 
at Simancas, where Mariano Alcocer was engaged as copyist. In- 
vestigation, facilitated by the courteous assistance of the Florida 
Historical Society, revealed an astonishingly large collection of 
hitherto unused material vitally pertinent to North Carolina his- 
tory from the middle of the sixteenth through the first years of the 
nineteenth century, much of which was in a bad state of preserva- 
tion; and the Historical Commission authorized the use of avail- 
able funds for securing copies and photostats. The work was 
prosecuted vigorously until July 1, 1926, when an exhaustion of 
funds compelled the suspension of the work, a condition which 
still persists. The material secured prior to July 1 comprises 
12508 pages of photostats and 1512 pages of typewritten copy. This 
collection contains material on the Spanish policy in Tennessee 
and Kentucky, the relations of the Carolinas and Florida, the expe- 
dition of General Elijah Clarke, the projects of William Blount, the 
East Tennessee and Cumberland settlements, the South Carolina 
Yazoo Company, and the careers of James Robertson, John Sevier, 
James White, Alexander McGillivray, and William Blount. The 
material on hand, which deals with the period prior to 1790, may 
be classified according to its nature and origin as follows: 

12508 pages of photostats from the General Archives of the Indies 
at Seville. 

256 pages of typewritten copy from the General Archives of the 
Indies at Seville. 

1008 pages of typewritten copy from the National Historical 
Archives at Madrid. 

248 pages of typewritten copy from the Archives at Simancas. 



'N. C. Historical Commission 23 

11. Miscellaneous : 

The following private letters and papers have been received: J. Carl 
Woodruff Papers, one piece; James Bryce Letters, two pieces; 
Richard Dobbs Spaight Papers, one piece, received from A. B. 
Andrews, Raleigh; George T. Anderson Papers, one piece; Donald 
McDonald, one letter, loaned by G. W. Paschal, Wake Forest; 
Ira Heath Papers, three pieces, received from Mrs. Hattie L. 
Whitfield, Kinston; W. H. Griffin Papers, four pieces, loaned by 
W. H. Griffin; George Whiting to Mrs. H. M. Whiting, one letter, 
presented by B. Whiting, Raleigh; Alfred Moore Papers, a book of 
notes and reports; Gen. G. B. Anderson Papers, one piece, loaned 
by Mrs. Frank Price Hall, Belmont. 

Ensign's Commission issued to J. L. Southerland by Gov. William 
Hawkins, Oct. 1, 1814. Presented by E. K. Voorhees, Atlanta. 

Quaker Papers, two pieces. 

Photostat of Will of John Penn, of Granville County, 1784. Pre- 
sented by Fred A. Olds. 

Photographic copy of an advertisement of land for sale in Rutherford, 
Mecklenburg, and Buncombe counties, 1819. Presented by Sun 
Printing Company, Rutherfordton. 

Photograph of North Carolina Representatives in Confederate Con- 
gress and Conventions. Collected by Z. V. Walser, Lexington. 

Photograph of tablet erected to memory of Signers for North Caro- 
lina at the Sesqui-Centennial International Exposition. Presented 
by Gov. A. W. McLean. 

Census Roll of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, 1923. 

Abstract of North Carolina material in Archives Department of 
Virginia State Library. 

One Hundred and Fifteenth Annual Communication of the Grand 
Lodge of North Carolina, held at Raleigh, January 14-16, 1902; 
and Grand Lodge Proceedings, 1804-40. Presented by Grand 
Lodge Masonic Temple, Raleigh. 

One original pay roll of war of 1812. 

A typewritten index of wills and inventories of estates of Wilkes 
County, and Court Minutes, 1778-99. Presented by Mrs. E. L. White- 
head, Raleigh. 

Alphabetical Index of Pension List, 1802-26. Presented by Mrs. E. L 
Whitehead, Raleigh. 

Diary of Samuel Simpson, presented by M. DeL. Haywood, Raleigh 

Certified copy of May 31, 1775, Resolutions of Mecklenburg County 
taken from records in Charleston Library. 

Circular letter from S. D. Purviaifce "To the Treasurer of Fayette 
ville District," July 1, 1800. Presented by E. R. MacKethan 
Fayetteville. 

Items from the diary of Christopher Marshall, and newspaper clip 
pings, seven pieces. Presented by Charles Marshall, Germantown 
Pa. 

Debates in Convention, June, 1835. Presented by Miss Sally Dortch 
Raleigh. 

Speeches of Wharton J. Green in the House of Representatives, Jan 
uary 5 and 7, 1885, on the Repeal of Certain Internal Taxes, two 
copies, presented by Miss Jessica Randolph Smith. 

Copy of Muster Rolls of the Soldiers of the War of 1812 detached 
from the Militia of North Carolina. Presented by Mrs. E. F. 
Croom. 



24 Eleventh Biennial Keport 

Report of a meeting held in Raleigh, January 3, 1829, to promote 
Internal Improvements. Presented by H. M. London, Raleigh. 

An assortment of pamphlets containing addresses, programs, etc., 
presented by Miss Jessica Randolph Smith, Washington, D. C, 
W. P. Stacy, Raleigh; Marshall DeLancey Haywood, Raleigh; Gov. 
A. W. McLean, Raleigh. 

DIVISION OF DOCUMENTS 
I. Classification and Arrangement. 

All of tlie above-listed accessions to the collections of the North Caro- 
lina Historical Commission during the biennium were classified, ar- 
ranged, and filed for use. The extent of this work may be summarized 
as follows : 

Private Collections — 1,870 pieces and 13 boxes of material. Ar- 
ranged and filed. 

County Records — 93 volumes, 22 boxes, and 1,040 pieces. Labeled, 
catalogued, arranged and filed. 

Executive Records — 25 volumes and 88 pieces. Arranged and filed. 

Legislative Papers — 17 pieces, arranged and filed. In addition, the 
Legislative Papers for the years 1792 and 1793, numbering ap- 
proximately 1,000 documents, were arranged and filed chronologic- 
ally in nine boxes. 

Newspapers — 17 numbers. Arranged and filed. 

Maps — 245 maps. Filed. 

English Records — 1,133 pages of photostats and 4,585 pages of tran- 
scripts of English Records were filed. 

Civil War Papers — 135 pieces, two boxes, four volumes, and 32 pam- 
phlets of Civil War material were arranged and filed. 

Woi'ld War Records — 11 boxes and approximately 100 pieces. Ar- 
ranged and filed. 

Spanish Records — 12,508 pages of photostat and 1,512 pages of type- 
written copy were arranged according to documents. In case of 
the photostats, the pages were separated by paraffin paper, and 
each document was enclosed between sheets of heavy card board 
and tied securely. 

Marriage Bonds — Abstracts have been made of approximately 10,000 
Marriage Bonds of the counties of Ashe, Bertie, Brunswick, Burke, 
Bute and Cabarrus. This work is being done so that the abstracts 
may be used instead of the fragile originals, which are being 
damaged by the constant use to which they are subjected by the 
numerous genealogical researchers who visit the offices of the 
Historical Commission. 

Indexes — Typewritten indexes of four volumes of Comptrollers' Ac- 
. counts, War of Revolution, B, H, J, and K, have been prepared. 

Miscellaneous — About 500 items of miscellaneous material were 
catalogued and filed in ten boxes. 

The collection of marriage bonds has been moved from the re- 
searchers' room into the manuscript room. This change involved 
a rearrangement of 624 cases of marriage bonds, 486 volumes and 
266 cases of other County Records, and 108 volumes and 311 cases 
of Executive Records. 



]^. C. Historical Commission 25 



II. Eepair. 



During the biennimn, the Restorer of Manuscripts has mounted 8,603 
sheets of manuscript for binding. In case of some manuscripts, one 
repair process with paper or crepeline was sufficient ; but in many cases, 
both processes were necessary for a single manuscript. Of the sheets 
handled, 6,613 were repaired with paper and 4,947 with crepeline. Re- 
paired material sufficient for 22 volumes is now ready for binding. 

III. Binding. 

Fifty-four volumes of manuscript were bound as follows : 

Ashe County Records, 1778-1820, Vols. Mil. 
Carteret County Records, 1721-1845, 29 Vols. 
Orange County Records, 1768-1857, 11 Vols. 
Wayne County Records, 1776-1868, Vols. I-XII. 
Joseph Hyde Pratt Collections, 1684-1921. 

A typewritten Index to Revolutionary Accounts, Miscellaneous, Vol. 

III, was bound. 

Forty volumes of Publications of the Historical Commission were 
bound as follows : 

North Carolina Historical Review, Vol. I, 15 copies. 
North Carolina Historical Review, Vol. II, 15 copies. 
Bulletins, Nos. 1-32, 10 copies. 

The following valuable works of reference, broken by constant use, 
were rebound : 

W. L. Saunders, The Colonial Records of North Carolina. Vols. I, 

III-X. 
Walter Clark, The State Records of North Carolina. Vols. XI-XXVI. 
Stephen B. Weeks, The Colonial and State Records of North Carolina, 

Index. Vols. XXVII-XXX. 
Index to Revolutionary Accounts, Miscellaneous. Vol. I. two copies 

(typewritten). 

IV. Calendaring. 

During the biennium, D. L. Corbitt has prepared for publication 
calendars of eight collections in the archives of the Historical Com- 
mission : 

Alexander Spotswood's Letters, 1710-12. 

North Carolina Items from the Virginia Gazette, 1771-76. 

Bryan Grimes Papers, 4 vols., 1844-1912. 

Richard Hugg King Papers, 1816-30. 

Robert J. Miller Papers, 1799-1831. 

W. H. S. Burgwyn Papers, 2 vols., 1861-1912. 

Walter Clark Manuscripts, 5 vols., 1738-1913. 

Papers of Z. B. Vance, Vols. I-X, 1827-1880. 



26 Eleventh Biennial Eepokt 

V. Use of Recokds. 

The records of the Historical Commission have been used more ex- 
tensively by researchers during the bieamium, 1924-26, than ever 
before. 

Approximately 500 people have visited the offices of the Commissiou 
and received assistance from members of the staff in consulting the 
records in the archives of the Commission. Forty-five of these were 
graduate students, historians, and others, engaged in collecting material 
on important phases of North Carolina history for the use in articles, ad- 
dresses, and monographic studies. 

Hundreds of letters requesting information from the records have 
been handled — in case of historical inquiries, by the staff of the Com- 
mission ; and in case of genealogical inquiries, by private researchers, to 
whom the inquiries were referred. Approximately 750 certified copies 
from the records of the Commission have been prepared and, sent, 
without charge, to persons throughout North Carolina and many other 
states. 

PUBLICATIONS 

I. Issued During the Biennium. 

1. Bulletin No. 31. Tenth Biennial Report of the North Carolina 

Historical Commission, Dec. 1, 1922-November 30, 1924. (Ra- 
leigh: Edward & Broughton Printing Company, 1925. Paper. 
Pp. 2S.) 

2. Bulletin No. 32. Handbook of County Records deposited with 

the North Carolina Historical Commission. By D. L. Corbitt. 
(Raleigh: Edwards & Broughton Printing Company, 1925. 
Paper. Pp. 45.) This Handbook classifies the counties as to 
origin and date of formation; lists the counties from which 
there is material and those from which there is no material in 
the collections of the Historical Commission; and describes 
fully the available records from each of the depositing counties. 

3. No7-th Carolina Manual, 1925. Compiled and edited by R. B. 

House. (Raleigh: Edwards & Broughton Printing Company, 
1925. Cloth. Pp. viii, 583.) This Manual contains an account 
of the creation, personnel, powers and duties of each of the de- 
partments, commissions, boards and institutions of the State; 
the -state and national platforms of political parties, 1924; the 
State and Federal Constitutions; election and census returns; 
and other historical and statistical information about the State. 

4. The Papers of John Steele. Edited by H. M. Wagstaff. 2 volumes. 

(Raleigh: Edwards & Broughton Printing Company, 1924. 
Cloth. Pp. xxviii, 929.) Volume I contains a chronogical list 
of the Steele Papers, a biographical sketch of John Steele by 
the editor, and the Steele Papers from May 15, 1778, to February 
8, 1806. Volume II contains the Steele Papers from February 
14, 1806, to June 24, 1815; Miscellaneous Documents from 1757 
to 1813; and an index. In both volumes there are 525 docu- 
ments. 

5. Records of the Moravians in North Carolina. Edited by Adelaide 

L. Fries. Volume II. (Raleigh: Edwards & Broughton Print- 



N. C. Historical Commission 27 

ing Company, 1925. Cloth. Pp. viii, 515-973.) This volume 
of records is divided into four parts: Part I, Additional Papers 
of the period 1752-1771. Part II, Historical Sketches of Colonial 
Currency of North Carolina, the Wright Court House, and the 
Richmond Court House, by the editor; and the Bagge Manu- 
script. Part III, A continuation of the Records of the Moravians 
for the period 1772-1775. Part IV, The Bagge Papers, 1775. 

6. Calendars of ManuscriiH Collections, edited by D. L. Corbitt. 

Volume I. (Raleigh: Edwards & Broughton Company, 1926. 
Cloth. Pp. 351.) In this volume, Mr. Corbitt, a member of the 
staff of the Commission, has included calendars of the follow- 
ing collections of the Historical Commission: The Dartmouth 
Manuscripts, 1720-17S3; The Hayes Collection, 1748-1806; Mis- 
cellaneous Papers, 1755-1912; North Carolina Letters from the 
Emmet Manuscripts, 1757-1847; David L. Swain Manuscripts, 
1772-1869; Proceedings of Court Martial and Trial of Colonel 
Charles McDowell, 1782; The Tliomas Henderson Letter Book, 
1810-1833; North Carolina Letters from the Van Buren Papers, 
in the Library of Congress, 1824-1858; North Carolina Letters 
from the Crittenden Papers, 1827-1863; The E. J. Hale Manu- 
scripts, 1850-1866; The Spencer Papers, 1859-1903; and William 
L. Saunders Manuscripts, 1866-1890. 

7. The North Carolina Historical Revieto. Volumes II and III. 

(Raleigh: North Carolina Historical Commission. 1925-1926. 
Paper. Pp. 572, 686. Index in Number 4 of each volume.) Each 
number of this quarterly magazine devoted to North Carolina 
history contains three articles, documentary material, historical 
notes, book reviews, and historical news. 

II. In Peess. 

1. Records of the Moravians in North Carolina. Edited by Adelaide 

L. Fries. Volume III. 

2. North Carolina Manual, 1927. Compiled and edited by A. R. 

Newsome. 

3. Public Letters and Paj^ers of Cameron Morrison, Governor of 

North Carolina, 1921-1925. Compiled by William H. Richard- 
son. Edited by D. L. Corbitt. Although not one of the official 
series of Publications of the North Carolina Historical Com- 
mission, this volume is being edited by a member of the regu- 
lar staff of the Commission. Authority and funds for printing 
were granted by the Council of State and the Printing Com- 
mission, respectively. 

4. A History of North Carolina in the War Beticeen the States. 

By D. H. Hill. Volumes I and II, Bethel to Sharpsburg. This 
. work is not one of the official series of Publications of the 
North Carolina Historical Commission. However, it was 
financed partly by the Historical Commission, which possesses 
the copyright. Both volumes have been indexed by D. L. 
Corbitt. 

III. In Preparation. 

1. J. G. deR. Hamilton is editing the diaries of Randolph Shotwell. 

2. J. G. deR. Hamilton and R. D. W. Connor are editing a Docu- 

mentary History of the Constitution of North Carolina. 



28 Eleventh Biennial Repoet 

3. M. C. S. Noble is editing Public Education in North Carolina, a 

Documentary History, 1840^ — . 

4. M. C. S. Noble is writing a brief History of the Common Schools 

and Public Schools of North Carolina. 

5. W. K. Boyd is editing the records of the Lutherans in North 

Carolina. 

6. W. K. Boyd is editing a volume of reprints of Eighteenth Century 

Tracts on North Carolina. 

IV. Bibliographies of Publications. 

1. Bibliography of the Publications of the North Carolina Historical Com- 
sion from its Organization in 1903 until November 30, 1926: 

Advance Sheets of Literary and Historical Activities, 1900-1905. 
Parts 1, 3 and 4. 

Literary and Historical Activities in North Carolina. 1900-1905, 
Volume I. 

Report of the Historical Commission, 1903-1905. 

Bulletin No. 1. 

The North Carolina Historical Commission, Creation and Organi- 
zation, Duties and Powers, Plans and Purposes (1907). 

Bulletin No. 2. 

The North Carolina Historical Exhibit at the Jamestown Tercen- 
tennial Exposition, 1907. 

Bulletin No. 3. 

The Second Biennial Report of the North Carolina Historical Com- 
mission, 1906-1908. 

Bulletin No. 4. 

David Paton, Architect of the North Carolina State Capitol: An 
address by Samuel A. Ashe, 1909. 

Bulletin No. 5. 

The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina, 1666-1909, by J. 
Bryan Grimes (1909). 

Bulletin No. 6. 

The Significance of History in a Democracy, by C. Alphonso Smith 
(1909). 

Bulletin No. 7. 

Addresses at the Unveiling of the Bust of William A. Graham by 
the' North Carolina Historical Commission, 1910. 

Bulletin No. 8. 

Canova's Statute of Washington, by R. D. W. Connor (1910). 

Bulletin No. 9. 

The Third Biennial Report of the North Carolina Historical Com- 
mission, 1908-1910. 

Bulletin No. 10. 

Addresses at the Unveiling of the Bust of Matt W. Ransom by the 
North Carolina Historical Commission (1911). 

Bulletin No. 11. 

Proceedings of the Eleventh and Twelfth Annual Meetings of the 
State Literary and Historical Association, January and November, 
1911. 

Bulletin No. 12. 

Proceedings of the Thirteenth Annual Session of the State Literary 
and Historical Association, 1912. 

Bulletin No. 13. 

The Fourth Biennial Report of the North Carolina Historical 
Commission, 1910-1912. 



]^. C. HisTOKicAJL Commission 29 



Bulletin No. 14. 

The North Carolina State Flag, by W. R. Edmonds (1913). 

Bulletin No. 15. 

Proceedings and Addresses of the Fourteenth Annual Session of 
the State Literary and Historical Association, 1913. 

Bulletin No. 16. 

Addresses at the Unveiling of the Memorial to the North Carolina 
•Women of the Confederacy (1914). 

Bulletin No. 17. 

Fifth Biennial Report of the North Carolina Historical Commis- 
sion, 1912-1914. 

Bulletin No. 18. 

Proceedings and Addresses of the Fifteenth Annual Session of the 
State Literary and Historical Association, 1914. 

Bulletin No. 19. 

Autobiography of Asa Biggs, Including a Journal of a Trip from 
North Carolina to New York in 1832. Edited by R. D. W. Connor 
(1915). 

Bulletin No. 20. 

Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Session of the State Literary 
and Historical Association, 1915. 

Bulletin No. 21. 

Sixth Biennial Report of the North Carolina Historical Commis- 
sion, 1914-1916. 

Bulletin No. 22. 

Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Session of the State 
Literary and Historical Association, 1916. 

Bulletin No. 23. 

Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Session of the State 
Literary and Historical Association, 1917. 

Bulletin No. 24. 

Seventh Biennial Report of the North Carolina Historical Commis- 
sion, 1916-1918. 

Bulletin No. 25. 

Proceedings of the State Literary and Historical Association 
(1919). 

Bulletin No. 26. 

Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Session of the State 
Literary and Historical Association, 1919. 

Bulletin No. 27. 

Eighth Biennial Report of the North Carolina Historical Commis- 
sion, 1918-1920. 

Bulletin No. 28. 

Proceedings of the Twentieth and Twenty-First Annual Sessions 
of the State Literary and Historical Association, 1920, 1921. 

Bulletin No. 29. 

Ninth Biennial Report of the North Carolina Historical Commis- 
sion, 1920-1922. 

Bulletin No. 30. 

Proceedings of the Twenty-second Annual Session of the State 
Literary and Historical Association, 1922. 

Bulletin No. 31. 

Tenth Biennial Report of the North Carolina Historical Commis- 
sion, 1922-1924. 

Bulletin No. 32. 

Handbook of County Records Deposited with the North Carolina 
Historical Commission, by D. L. Corbitt (1925). 



30 Eleventh Biennial Report 

A Pocket Manual of North Carolina for the use of members of the 
General Assembly of 1909. 

A Pocket Manual of North Carolina for use by the members of the 
General Assembly of 1911. 

North Carolina Manual, 1913. 

North Carolina Manual, 1915. 

North Carolina Manual, 1917. 

North Carolina Manual, 1919. 

North Carolina Manual, 1921. 

North Carolina Manual, 1923. 

North Carolina Manual, 1925. 

Guide to the Hall of History, by Fred A. Olds (1914). 

The North Carolina Historical Commission, General Information, 
1911. 

North Carolina History Leaflets, Series Nos. 1 to 7. Reprints from 
■ Hakluyt's Voyages of the original accounts of voyages of Amadas 
and Barlowe to Roanoke Island, Ralph Lane's Colony and John 
White's Colony (1910). 

Five Points of the Record of North Carolina in the Great War of 
1861-1865 (1904). 

Exercises in Connection with the Presentation to the State by the 
North Carolina Historical Commission of a Bust of John Motley 
Morehead, 1912. Reprinted from the Proceedings of the Thir- 
teenth Annual Session of the State Literary and Historical 
Association. 

Notes on Colonial North Carolina, by J. Bryan Grimes. Reprinted 
(1905) from the North Carolina Booklet. 

A State Library Building and Department of Archives and Records: 
an address by R. D. W. Connor. Reprinted (1906) from the North 
Carolina Booklet. 

North Carolina Schools and Academies, 1790-1840: A Documentary 
History, by Charles L. Coon (1915). 

The Beginnings of Public Education in North Carolina: A Docu- 
mentary History, 1790-1840. Compiled by Charles L. Coon. Volumes 
I and II (1908). 

Records of the Moravians in North Carolina. Edited by Adelaide 
L. Fries. Volumes I (1922) and II (1925). 

De Graffenried's Account of the Founding of New Bern. Edited by 
Vincent H. Todd (1920). 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. Edited by J. G. deR. Hamilton. 
Volumes I and II (1909). 

Correspondence of Archibald D. Murphey. Edited by William Henry 
Hoyt. Volumes I and II (1914). 

The Papers of John Steele. Edited by H. M. Wagstaff. Volumes I 
and II (1924). 

Letters and Papers of Thomas W. Bickett. Printed by Printing 
Commission. Edited by R. B. House, of the North Carolina His- 
torical Commission (1923). 

Papers of Thomas RuiRn. Edited by J. G. deR. Hamilton. Volumes 
I and II (1918), III and IV (1920). 

Calendars of Manuscript Collections. Volume I. By D. L. Corbitt 
(1926). 

North Carolina Historical Review: Volume I, Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4; 
Volume II, Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4; Volume III, Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4. 



N. C. Historical Commission 31 

2. Bibliography of the Publications of the North Carolina Legislative Ref- 
erence Library from its Organization in 1915 ^lntil November 30, 1926. 

Bulletin No. 1. 

Amendments to Revisal of 1905 enacted from 1907 to 1915, by W. 

S. Wilson. 
Bulletin No. 2. 

Amendments to Revisal of 1905 enacted in 1917, by W. S. "Wilson. 

Bulletin No. 3. 
Amendments to Consolidated Statutes enacted by Special Session, 
1920, and Regular Session, 1921, by H. M. London. 

Bulletin No. 4. 
Amendments to Consolidated Statutes enacted by Special Session, 
December, 1921, by H. M. London. 

Bulletin No. 5. 

Amendments to Consolidated Statutes enacted by General Assem- 
bly of 1923, by H. M. London. 

Bulletin No. 6. 
Amendments to Consolidated Statutes enacted by Special Session, 
1924, and Regular Session, 1925, by H. M. London. 

Improvement and Care of Rural Cemeteries, by W. S. Wilson. 

North Carolina Blue Book, 1918, by W. S. Wilson. 

Official vote for U. S. Senator, etc., cast at November election, 1918, 
by W. S. Wilson. 

Directory of State and County Officials, issued in 1919, 1921, 1923, 
and 1925. 

Official vote cast in November election in 1920, 1922, and 1924, issued 
following each election. 

Synopsis of Game Laws of the various counties of the State, issued 

in 1918, 1921, 1923, 1925. 
Court Calendar showing the dates of the Superior Courts in the 

various counties of the State, issued in 1923 and 1925. 

HISTORICAL MARKERS 

The Historical Commission has assisted in the erection of two his- 
torical markers during the biennium : 

1. A tablet to the memory of Major Benjamin May, a Revolution- 
ary soldier and statesman, was erected by the Historical Commission, 
in cooperation with the descendants of Benjamin May under the aus- 
pices of the Daughters of the American Revolution, and unveiled on 
ISTovember 19, 1925, at Farmville, Pitt County. 

2. The Historical Commission cooperated with Chicora Chapter of 
the United Daughters of the Confederacy of Dunn, Harnett County, in 
the erection of a bronze marker on the third line of breastworks of the 
battlefield, near Dunn, where occurred on March 16, 1865, the battle of 
Averasboro. The marker was dedicated and unveiled on May 10, 1926. 

HALL OF HISTORY 

I transmit herewith the report of Fred A. Olds, Collector, Hall of 
History, for the biennium December 1, 1924-N'ovember 30, 1926: 



32 Eleventh Biennial Report 

Raleigh, N. C, November 30, 1926. 
Mb. a. R. Newsome, Secretary. 

During the two-year period since the last report, there have been widely- 
varied accessions to the Historical Collections. These include the original 
deed books of Carteret County, 1722-1816, and of Ashe, 1799-1819; Minutes of 
Person County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, 1792-1868, containing 
wills, inventories of estates, lists of taxables, etc.; original wills, inventories 
and sales of property in Franklin, 1779-1840; Caswell County Court dockets, 
road books, tax lists, school registers and reports; Onslow County, many 
miscellaneous records. 

Maps of North Carolina, 10; boundaries between North Carolina and Vir- 
ginia, South Carolina, Tennessee and Georgia, 7; maps of canals, 3; of coast 
line and sounds, 5; of counties, 33; of Beaufort harbor, 1; of lakes, 1; of 
National Forests, 1; of oyster waters, 1; of Pamlico Sound, 5; of railways, 
23; of rivers and creeks, 25; of swamp lands, 4; of turnpike roads, 4; of 
cities and towns, 5; of schools, 1; Cherokee boundary surveys, 3. 

Land Grant books for 26 counties, up to 1795; all such books during the ad- 
ministration of Governor Caswell, 1785-88; abstracts of all grants issued, 
1792-98 and 1819-38; land warrants and land entry surveys, mainly from 1750 
to 1765, some as late as 1826, for 22 counties. 

Pictures of Col. William Polk, Governors Curtis H. Brogden, and Z. B. 
Vance; Governor McLean; Chief Justice R. M. Pearson and W. N. H. Smith; 
General and Governor Alexander Martin; Generals Robert E. Lee and Stone- 
wall Jackson; President James K. Polk. 

Minute book of Gen. Alfred Moore, 1784-97; photographs of leading schools, 
industrial plants, court houses, highways; of the details of the interior and 
exterior of the State Capitol; memorials at the grave of Gov. Montford Stokes 
in Oklahoma; of the fire in April, 1926, at the Hospital for the Insane at 
Raleigh; of Guilford Battleground and Moore's Creek Battleground; the 
monument at New Bern of the two governors Spaight and Gen. Francis Nash. 

The papers and documents of the Ashe family, through Capt. S. A. Ashe; 
original deeds from Buncombe County to the State for 220,640 acres of land 
on which taxes were unpaid, 1799. 

Stone Mountain Memorial half-dollar (silver) ; illustrations of the march of 
Gen. Sherman's army in North Carolina, March-April, 1865; glass flasks, 
1776 and 1848; photograph of grave of Gen. John Owen in the Pittsboro 
cemetery. 

During the two-year period, your Collector abstracted the wills which exist 
or are carried on the will books, during the period, 1760-1800, about 9,300 in 
number, and published these in book form, at his own charge, placing a 
volume in the office of the Clerk of Superior Court of each county, one in 
each library of prominence in North Carolina and other States, and one 
in the Library of Congress. The edition was of 150 volumes only, and none 
was sold. This book follows that issued by Secretary of State Grimes car- 
rying abstract of wills from 1690 to 1760, but it contains a considerable num- 
ber prior to 1760 not before reported. 

The laws of the State, 1790 to the end of the regular session of 1925, were 
also abstracted and published at the charge of your Collector. This work 
brings to date the acts, the late Chief Justice Walter Clark having in the 
State Records covered them up to 1790. 

The number of visitors to the Hall has notably increased. During the two 
year period, almost 200 schools or classes visited it, some coming 150 miles. 
The collections in both halls have been arranged with special care and in 
chronological order. 

Resp'ectfully submitted, 

Feed A. Olds. 



N. C. Historical Commission 33 



LEGISLATIVE EEFEEENCE LIBRAEY 

I call to your attention the various services of the Legislative Ref- 
erence Library during the biennium, as set forth in the following report 
of Henry M. London, Legislative Reference Librarian : 

November 30, 1926. 
Mb. a. R. Netwsome, Secretary, 
North Carolina Historical Commission. 
Raleigh, North Carolina. 

Dear Sie: I beg to submit herewith a report of the work of the Legislative 
Reference Library from December 1, 1924, to November 30, 1926: 

During the past two years the following publications have been prepared 
and distributed among state and county officials, libraries, lawyers, and 
other interested citizens through the State: 

1. A booklet of 45 pages giving the official vote of the November, 1924, 
election by counties for President, U. S. Senator, Representatives in Con- 
gress, Governor and State officers, and Constitutional Amendments. 

2. In January, 1925, a Directory of State and County officials, containing 
75 pages, was issued and the continued demand for this booklet attests its 
usefulness. 

3. Bulletin No. 6, 62 pages, containing amendments to the Consolidated 
Statutes enacted at the extra session of 1924 and regular session of 1925. 
This is the latest publication of changes that have been made in our statute 
law since the publication of Volume Three of the Consolidated Statutes. 

4. Two editions of a booklet of 52 pages containing synopsis of the 
Game Laws of the various counties showing changes made at the 1925 
session in sixty counties of the State. Until this was published and dis- 
tributed very few county officials were advised as to the present complex 
game laws. The publication was made several months before the laws of 
1925 were published and hence the booklet was especially useful. 

5. In June, 1925, a Court Calendar covering the biennium ending June 
30, 1927, was compiled, published and distributed to court officials, lawyers 
and others interested. This was also compiled some months ahead of the 
publication of the 1925 session laws and proved to be indispensable to 
judges and others affected by legislative changes in terms of court. 

During the 1925 session of the General Assembly about 600 bills were 
drafted for legislators and this feature is being taken advantage of more 
and more by the members of the General Assembly. During the session a 
daily index of all bills was kept and in this way information as to the 
status of pending bills could be readily furnished to any member and copies 
of all printed bills were exchanged with other states for the convenience 
of those interested in legislation. 

In addition to the foregoing publications a great deal of other matter 
has been compiled for various departments, some of which was printed. 
Through the office of the Secretary of State, there was printed in 1926 a 
compilation of the Marriage and Divorce Laws of North Carolina brought 
up to date, the matter being prepared in this office. Likewise the Director 
of the Budget was furnished with a digest of the Budget Laws of the various 
states and also a digest of the laws touching a central purchasing agency. 
Numerous other matters of a legislative nature have been compiled, though 
not printed, such as comparison of the gas and motor vehicle license taxes 
and cost of collecting same in the various states, etc. 

Following the June, 1926, primary, a list of the nominees of the two 
parties was compiled and published; and following the November election a 
list of the newly elected members of the General Assembly was printed. 



34 Eleventh Biennial Report 

In the fall of 1926 this office assisted in the assembling and compiling of 
part of the material for the North Carolina Manual for 1927, especially that 
part relating to the legislative department, election returns, and biographical 
sketches of state officials and members of the General Assembly. 

As usual after each biennial election, a letter has been sent to the 
members elected to the approaching General Assembly inviting them to 
make use of the assistance at their disposal during the session in the Legis- 
lative Reference Library in the matter of preparation and drafting of bills 
and investigation of legislative problems. 

In addition to the foregoing work of the Legislative Reference Library, 
numerous matters have been investigated for various state departments, 
county and municipal authorities, librarians and interested individuals, in- 
formation assembled, digested and furnished as requested. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Henry M. London, 
Legislative Reference Librarian. 

SUMMARY 

A skeleton outline of the more important achievements of the His- 
torical Commission during the past two years may present them in 
clearer relief: 

1. 8 private collections received accessions and 4 new ones were begun. 

In all, 1870 manuscripts of private collections were secured. 

2. 93 bound volumes and thousands of unbound pages were received, cata- 

logued and filed in the collection of County Records. 

3. 25 volumes and 105 pieces of Executive and Legislative Records were 

received and filed. 

4. 245 maps were added to the map collection. 

5. 19,718 pages of photostats, transcripts, and copies of material relating 

to North Carolina in the archives of England and Spain were secured. 

6. 8,603 manuscripts were scientifically treated for preservation. 

7. 54 volumes of manuscripts were bound. 

8. 8 collections were calendared. 

9. A manuscript collection containing 1,300 bound volumes and more than 

500,000 unbound documents arranged in 3,200 boxes was kept at the 
service of the public. 750 certified copies of records were sent out. 
Hundreds of inquiries were answered by letter. Five hundred visiting 
students were aided in the offices of the Commission. 

10. 7 volumes of publications and 2 bulletins were issued. 

11. 2 historical markers were erected. 

12. 200 classes of school children visited the Hall of History and increased 

their knowledge of the history of North Carolina. 

13. The Legislative Reference Library issued 5 publications and drafted 

about 600 bills. 

14. Historical lectures were delivered in various parts of the State. 

Respectfully submitted, 

A. R. !N"ewsome, 

Secretary. 
Raleigh, N. C, December 1, 1926.